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Biography

john Clayton Mayer was born on 16,1977 in America. He was the famous guitar pop artist, songwriter of 2000s, his first album released “Room of squares” and second come into highlight after 2 years i.e. “Heavier Things“. He started the career at the age of 13 only. Both these albums anthology became famous worldwide and reach the peak. Their collections are also accepted commercially and rose as a diamond of that time period. His much more songs like “Your body is a wonderland “and “daughters” were on highly listened songs.By 2015 he coacts with Grateful Dead’s Bob Weir and made the accompany named as “Touring band & company. He gets enrolled in Berklee College of music in Broston but he left aside and went in Atlanta for making a career in songwriting.

John Mayer Performing

He used to play the guitars and sing the songs in the local clubs to enhance his expertise in the field of singing and became a versatile singer. His voice makes the people happy and entertained in a way that people follows him.

This is also the fan following the way of singing a song in the clubs. He is awarded as the Grammy award in 2007 for the Pop vocal album that rose on the high peaks in 2007.John Mayer in the leading days broader the area of singing from blues-rock to adult contemporary .with the upcoming of every song their tremendous change in the voice is seen or we can say frequently in each and every song he makes new crunches which influence the people or teens to listen to his songs. In short span of time he became popular among the people specially teens./p>

Mayer ability and hard work help him to become a super hit, and make the roads to be murmur for their voice. After so long gap he highlighted his role in 2000 South by Southwest Music festival in Austin. Music on which the martyn was working is written down on some different nodes.In the year 2006, the third album of studio “Continuum” was released.In September when he played well in the house band and get praise from many and also got award Emmy award, after this he goes to the studio for another track “slightly hungover” record on to guitar.

Katy Perry John Mayer

He undergoes many some major attacks from that the fear is generated in the mind as he grew up he will derange as his age increases. Then he suggested for taking medications that fear will completely finish.

Writing love on the weekend was “these are one of the best songs that ever written the guitar was played in two ways i.e. breaking of the middle part or there are just auras, energy. There is the great importance that we present something or singing a song anything along with handwork or god’s grace the work should be done in so presentable and confident manner that your vibes give positive energy to the atmosphere that people come under that atmosphere just enjoy the music this is the main and foremost point to achieve the success.

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Biography

Father-of-India-Dr.-APJ-Abdul-Kalam

INTRODUCTION :

Dr Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen commonly known by name “APJ Abdul Kalam” was the former 11th President of free India from the time period 2002 to 2007. He is well known as the “Missile man of India” due to his contribution on the development of ballistic missile and space rocket technology. He was born on 15th October 1931 at Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu and he was specialized in Aero engineering from Madras Institute of Technology.

Dr. Kalam has spent his four decades as a scientist and science administrator at various prestigious and reputed organizations like DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organization) and ISRO (Indian Space and Research Organization). Kalam also played an impeccable role in India’s Pokhran-II nuclear test in 1998.

apj-abdul-kalam

EARLY LIFE CHILDHOOD AND EDUCATION :

Dr Abdul Kalam was born in a  Muslim family who were Tamilians, on 15th October 1931 in Rameswaram, the pilgrimage centre. His father named Jainulabudeen was the owner of a boat and the imam of a local mosque. His mother named Ashiamma was a homemaker. Kalam was the youngest among the four brothers and one sister in his family. Kalam belongs to the family background of wealthy traders and land owners. Their business involved trading between the mainland and the island and to and from Sri Lanka. The family acquired the title of “Mara kalam iyakkivar” which means wooden boat-steerers, this was shortened to the word “Marakier” over the years. After the opening of Pamban bridge to the mainland in 1914, their businesses failed and the family business was lost. Therefore, by the early childhood of Kalam his family had become poor. Hence, Kalam at an early age started selling newspapers in order to support the income of his family.

Kalam was noted for his  his simple lifestyle and integral nature. He never had a television in his home, and was in the habit of waking up at 6:30 or 7 a.m and sleeping by 2 a.m

During his school time, Kalam scored average grades but he was described as hardworking and bright student who had a strong wish and wish to learn. He spent many hours in his studies, mathematics was amongst his favourite subjects. Kalam completed his early education at Schwartz higher secondary school, Ramanathapuram. Then he moved to Saint Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli, affiliated to Madras University and completed his graduation in Physics in the year 1954. He studied Aerospace Engineering from Madras Institute of Technology, Madras in 1955.

abdul-kalam-madras-institute-of-technology

KALAM AS SCIENTIST :

Kalam completed his graduation from Madras Institute of Technology in the year 1960, after that he  joined the Aeronautical Development Establishment of DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation) as a Scientist.

APJ-2-A

Dr. Kalam started his career by designing a small Hovercraft, but he was not satisfied with doing job as a scientist in DRDO.

Kalam also worked under a well-renowned scientist name Vikram Sarabhai in INCOSPAR committee.

 He was transferred to Indian Space and Research Organisation (ISRO), where he worked as the Project Director of India’s first Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV – III) which successfully positioned the Rohini Satellite in the near orbit of the earth in July 1980.

Kalam directed in developing two projects in the year 1970 which were named as “Project Devil” and “Project Valiant” that were sought to develop ballistic missiles from the technology’s  the successfully accomplished SLV programme.

The project was not approved by the Union Cabinet but the then Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi allotted secret funds for these two projects through her discretionary powers under the directorship of Kalam.

Kalam played an impeccable role in developing many missiles under the mission including Agni which was a  ballistic missile of intermediate range and Prithvi which was tactical surface to surface missile

Dr.Kalam acted as Chief Scientific Advisor to the Prime Minister and the Secretary of DRDO from July 1992 – December 1999.

The Pokhran – II nuclear tests were conducted during this period from July 1992 – December 1999, during this period Kalam played an integral and technological role. Kalam along with Rajagopala Chidambaram acted as the Chief Project Coordinator during this testing phase.

During this period according to the media coverage, Kalam was considered as the country’s best Nuclear Scientist.

Dr.Kalam  with cardiologist Soma Raju developed a low-cost coronary stent named as “kalam – Raju stent”.

In 2012, both Kalam and Soma Raju designed a rough tablet computer for health care in rural areas named as “Kalam – Raju tablet”

KALAM AS THE PRESIDENT OF INDIA

kalam as president

  • Kalam served the chair as the 11th President of India after K.R Narayan from 25th July 2002 – 25th July 2007.
  • Kalam who was honoured with a Bharat Ratna, hence he became the third president of India being awarded with India’s highest civilian honour, prior to becoming the President. He was also the first scientist and the first bachelor to occupy “Rashtrapati Bhawan”.
  • During his presidential tenure, Kalam was affectionately known as the People’s President, he used to say that signing the Office of Profit Bill was the most tough decision he had taken during his tenure.
  • In September 2003, during a interactive session in PGI Chandigarh, Dr Kalam supported the obligation of Uniform Civil Code in India, keeping in view the population of the country

POST PRESIDENCY : DR. ABDUL KALAM

  • After leaving office as President, Kalam became a visiting professor at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong, the IIM (Indian Institute of Management), Ahmedabad, and the Indian Institute of Management Indore.
  • He was also honoured as a fellow of honour at Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore; professor of Aerospace Engineering at Anna University; chancellor of the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Thiruvananthapuram;  and an adjunct at many other academic and research institutions across India.
  • He used to teach information technology at IIT Hyderabad, Anna University and Banaras Hindu University.
  • In May 2012, Kalam launched a programme for the young generation of India called “What Can I Give Movement” with an effort to eradicate the problem of corruption.

KALAM’S DEATH :

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On 27 July 2015, Kalam went to Shillong for delivering a lecture on “Creating a Livable Planet Earth” at the Indian Institute of Management, Shillong.

While climbing the stairs, he experienced some discomfort, and at around 6:35 p.m. IST, only five minutes into his lecture, he collapsed due to a Cardiac arrest.  His last words, to his assistant Srijan Pal Singh, was: “Funny guy! Are you doing well?”

After his death, Kalam’s body was airlifted in an Indian Air Force helicopter from Shillong to Guwahati, from where it was flown to New Delhi on the morning of 28 July in C-130J Hercules, an air force . The flight landed at Palam Air Base that afternoon and was received by the President, the Prime Minister and Arvind Kejriwal, Chief Minister of Delhi the three service chiefs of the Indian Armed Forces, who laid laurel on Kalam’s body.

Then his body was placed on a gun carriage draped with the Indian flag and taken to his residence at Delhi, 10 Rajaji Marg; the public and various dignitaries paid homage, including former prime minister Manmohan Singh, Sonia Gandhi (Congress President) and Vice-President Rahul Gandhi, and Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav.

On 30 July 2015, the former President was laid to rest in peace at Rameswaram’s Pei Karumbu Ground with great honours. More than 350,000 people attended the last rites, including the Prime Minister, the governor of Tamil Nadu and the chief ministers of Karnataka, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh.

KALAM : HONOURS AND AWARDS

Kalam received honorary doctorates from almost 40 universities. Some of them are listed below :

  • Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhushan – In 1981, Kalam was honoured with Padma Bhushan and with Padma Vibhushan in 1990 by the Government of India for his contributory role in ISRO and DRDO and his role as scientific advisor to the Government of India.
  • Bharat Ratna – Kalam received the highest Civilian award the “Bharat Ratna” for his impeccable contribution to the scientific research and modernization of defence technology in India.
  • Von Braun Award – In 2013, he was awarded with “Von Braun Award” from the National Space Society to recognise excellence in the management and leadership of space-related projects
  • Youth Renaissance Day – After his death, Kalam received numerous tributes. The Tamil Nadu state government announced that his birthday, 15th October, would be observed across the state as “Youth Renaissance Day”
  • Commemorative Postal stamps – The Prime Minister, Mr. Narendra Modi released the commemorative postal stamps on the former President of India, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, on his 84th birth day celebrations, at DRDO Bhawan, in New Delhi on October 15, 2015.
  • Doctor of Science – Kalam was awarded with “Doctor of Science” by Edinburgh University in the year 2014.
  • Honoris Causa – Dr. Kalam was the recipient of the award “Honoris Causa” i.e. Doctor of Laws by Simon Fraser University

KALAM : Books and documentaries

  • Developments in Fluid Mechanics and Space Technologyby APJ Abdul Kalam and Roddam Narasimha; Indian Academy of Sciences, 1988
  • India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium by APJ Abdul Kalam,  Y.S.Rajan”Rajan; New York, 1998.
  • Wings of Fire: An Autobiography by APJ Abdul Kalam, Arun Tiwari; 1999
  • Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India by APJ Abdul Kalam; Viking, 2002.
  • The Luminous Sparks by APJ Abdul Kalam, 2004.
  • Mission Indiaby APJ Abdul Kalam,2005.
  • Inspiring Thoughtsby APJ Abdul Kalam 2007
  • Indomitable Spiritby APJ Abdul Kalam
  • Envisioning an Empowered Nationby APJ Abdul Kalam with A Sivathanu Pillai
  • You Are Born To Blossom: Take My Journey Beyond by APJ Abdul Kalam and Arun Tiwari
  • Turning Points: A journey through challenges by APJ Abdul Kalam, 2012
  • Target 3 Billionby APJ Abdul Kalam and Srijan Pal Singh, December 2011.
  • My Journey: (Tamil) Transforming Dreams into Actions by APJ Abdul Kalam; August 2013
  • A Manifesto for Change: A Sequel to India 2020 by APJ Abdul Kalam and V Ponraj; July 2014
  • Forge your Future: Candid, Forthright, Inspiring by APJ Abdul Kalam, 29 October 2014.
  • Reignited: Scientific Pathways to a Brighter Future by APJ Abdul Kalam and Srijan Pal Singh, 14 May 2015.
  • Transcendence: My Spiritual Experiences with Pramukh Swamiji” by APJ Abdul Kalam with Arun Tiwari, June 2015

Biographies on APJ Abdul Kalam :

  • Eternal Quest: Life and Times of Dr Kalam by S Chandra, 2002.
  • President APJ Abdul Kalam by R K Pruthi, 2002.
  • APJ Abdul Kalam: The Visionary of India by K Bhushan, G Katyal, 2002.
  • A Little Dream (documentary film) by P. Dhanapal, 2008.
  • The Kalam Effect: My Years with the President by P M Nair, 2008.
  • My Days With Mahatma Abdul Kalam by Fr A K George, 2009.

10 QUOTES BY ABDUL KALAM :

apj-abdul-kalam quotes

  • You have to dream before your dreams can come true.
  • Excellence is a continuous process and not an accident.
  • Life is a difficult game. You can win it only by retaining your birthright to be a person.
  • Man needs his difficulties because they are necessary to enjoy success.
  • We will be remembered only if we give to our younger generation a prosperous and safe India, resulting out of economic prosperity coupled with civilizational heritage.
  • Those who cannot work with their hearts achieve but a hollow, half-hearted success that breeds bitterness all around.
  • Educationists should build the capacities of the spirit of inquiry, creativity, entrepreneurial and moral leadership among students and become their role model.
  • Look at the sky. We are not alone. The whole universe is friendly to us and conspires only to give the best to those who dream and work.
  • If a country is to be corruption free and become a nation of beautiful minds, I strongly feel there are three key societal members who can make a difference. They are the father, the mother and the teacher.
  • My message, especially to young people is to have courage to think differently, courage to invent, to travel the unexplored path, courage to discover the impossible and to conquer the problems and succeed. These are great qualities that they must work towards. This is my message to the young people.
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Biography

INTRODUCTION :

Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar aka Sachin Tendulkar born on 24th April 1973, is a former Indian cricketer and Captain extensively regarded as one of the greatest batsman of all time. He is the only player who has scored one hundred international centuries, the first batsman to score a double century in ODI (One Day International). He is the player who has completed more than 30,000 runs in International cricket.

Sachin-Tendulkar-Master-Blaster

TENDULKAR : EARLY LIFE AND CHILDHOOD :

Sachin Tendulkar was born in Dadar, Bombay on 24 April 1973 in a Maharashtrian family. His father named Ramesh Tendulkar, was a widely known  novelist in Marathi language and his mother, Rajni, worked in  insurance industry. Sachin Tendulkar spent his early childhood years in the Sahitya Sahawas Cooperative Housing Society in Bandra (East).

During his early childhood, Tendulkar was considered a dominating person, and often picked up fights with new children in his school. He started showed his interest in tennis and considered John McEnroe as his ideal. To help curb his mischievous and bullying tendencies, Ajit Tendulkar (Sachin Tendulkar’s brother) introduced him to cricket in 1984. He introduced the young Sachin to Ramakant Achrekar,who was a famous cricket coach and a highly reputed club cricketer, at Shivaji Park, Dadar.

In the first meeting, the young Sachin was not able to give his best. Ajit Tendulkar explained  Achrekar that he was feeling a little bit conscious and nervous due to the coach observing him, and was not able to present himself completely. Ajit politely asked the coach to give him another chance at playing, but this time keeping a watch on Sachin by hiding behind a tree. Now at this time, Sachin,  played much better and freely without any nervousness and after recognising his real talent, he was accepted at Achrekar’s academy.

Achrekar admired Sachin Tendulkar’s talent and performance  and advised him to shift his schooling to Sharadashram Vidyamandir High School,  at Dadar which had a good  cricket team and had given birth and recognised many notable cricketers.

 Tendulkar’s early childhood education took place at New English School of Indian Education Society in Bandra (East). Sachin Tendulkar used to practice for hours even after doing practice with the team mates. If Achrekar felt that Sachin is now completely tired, he used to put a one-rupee coin on the top of the stumps, and the bowler who bold Tendulkar would get the coin. If Tendulkar passed this test without getting dismissed, the coach would give him the coin.

childhood sachin

During his school days, Tendulkar developed a reputation as a genius and exceptional child  who soon became a common  point for discussion among local cricket players and coach and the society, where there were suggestions  that he would become one of the great cricketers.

Sachin Tendulkar attended the MRF Pace Foundation in Madras at the age of 14 years in 1987 with a aim to get trained as a Fast bowler, but Australian well renowned fast bowler Dennis HYPERLINK , who had a world record of 355 Test wickets, was not much impressed, and gave the feedback  that Tendulkar has more focus on his batting instead of bowling.

 Sachin Tendulkar proved himself as a great cricketer when on 20 January 1987, he was selected as substitute for Imran Khan’s team in a exhibition game in Bombay at Brabourne Stadium, conducted to celebrate the golden jubilee of Cricket Club of India.

 After this exhibition a couple of months later, at the age of 14 years again Tendulkar was recognised by Sunil Gavaskar, a former Indian batsman who  gave him his own ultra light pads and solaced him that he did not  the Bombay Cricket Association’s “Best junior cricket award

“It was the greatest source of encouragement for me,” Tendulkar said nearly 20 years later after crossing Gavaskar’s 34 test centuries world record.

 Sachin played as a batsman in the 1987 Cricket World Cup when India played against England in the semifinals in Bombay.

SACHIN TENDULKAR’S CAREER AS A CRICKETER :

Sachin Tendulkar was shortlisted and selected to represent Bombay in the Ranji Trophy on November 14, 1987, India’s premier First – class domestic cricket tournament, for the 1987–88 season.

 After a year during at 1987-88 Ranji Trophy, on 11 December 1988, Sachin’s age was just 15 years, Tendulkar made his debut for Bombay against Gujarat  and scored 100 not out in that match, which made him the youngest Indian to score a century on debut in cricket first-class.

He was then selected to play for the team by Dilip Vengsarkar (then Bombay captain) after watching him perform against Kapil Dev, India’s best fastest bowler at the time, at the Wankhede stadium, where the Indian team came to play against New Zealand team.

Tendulkar finished this 1988–89 season as highest run-scorer of Bombay. He scored 583 runs at an average of 67.77 and ranked sixth amongst highest run-scorer overall.

 He also made an unachievable century in the Irani Trophy match against where he played against Delhi at the start of the 1989–90 season, playing for the Rest of India.

During the match held in 1990–91 as Ranji Trophy final, in which Haryana defeated Bombay by two runs after leading in the first innings, Tendulkar’s 96 runs from 75 deliveries was a key to giving Bombay a chance of victory as it attempted to chase 355 from only 70 overs on the final day.

Sachin had two brief stints as captain of Indian cricket team and both of them were not that successful. He became captain of Indian cricket team in 1996 but the team performed poorly and he gave up the captaincy in 1997. He was once again made captain in the year 1999 but unfortunately once again he was not successful and so he gave up the captaincy in 1999.

Indian cricket team was one of the favorites cricket team in the Cricket World Cup 2003 where he performed superbly, making 673 runs in 11 matches to help India reach the finals. The team, however, lost the finals to Australia but Sachin was given Man of the Tournament Award for his impeccable performance.

Sachin performed brilliantly in the 2011 World Cup during which he made 482 runs. India faced Sri Lanka in the finals and won the match—it was the first World Cup victory for him.

He retired from all forms of cricket in November 2013 and was given a very heart touching and emotional farewell by his fans.

AWARDS AND ACHIEVEMENTS :

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National honours

  1. National honours
    1. Arjuna award – In 1994, Sachin Tendulkar was awarded with Arjuna Award, by the Government of India in for his outstanding achievement in sports.
    2. Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award – He was rewarded with  Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna (1997–98), India’s highest honour given for achievement in sports.
    3. Padma Shri award – Sachin Tendulkar was presented with 1999 – Padma Shri award, India’s fourth highest civilian award.
    4. Maharashtra Bhushan award – In 2001 – Maharashtra Bhushan Award, highest Civilian Award in Maharashtra State.
    5. Padma Vibhushan award – He was conferred with 2008 – Padma Vibhushan, second-highest civilian award of India.
    6. Bharat Ratna award – Tendulkar was bestowed with 2014 – Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award.

SACHIN TENDULKAR : PERSONAL LIFE :

Sachin Tendulkar got married on 24 May 1995, at the age of 22, with Anjali, who is a paediatrician and daughter of famous industrialist Anand Mehta of Gujarat and Annabel Mehta, a famous British social worker. Anjali is six years older than Sachin.

sachin and anjli

They had an affair of five years and they got engaged in the year 1994 in New Zealand. They have two children name Sara (born on October 12, 1997) and Arjun (born on September 24, 1999).

Arjun, is going on the footsteps of his father Sachin and he is a left-handed batsman and left-arm seamer, and he has been recently included in under-14  list of Mumbai Cricket Association for  training camp off-season. He was also selected in Mumbai under-14 team for the west zone league in January 2013.

sachin with sons

SACHIN TENDULKAR AS BRAND AMBASSADOR :

Sachin Tendulkar has been sponsored and worked as BRAND AMBASSADOR by several brands throughout his career which includes :

  • Boost (1990–present)
  • Pepsi (1992–2009)
  • Action Shoes (1995–2000)
  • MRF (1999–2009)
  • Adidas (2000–10)
  • Britannia (2001–07)
  • Fiat HYPERLINK  (2001–03)
  • TVS (2002–05)
  • ESPN Star Sports (2002–present)
  • Sunfeast (2007–13)
  • Canon(2006–09)
  • Airtel (2004–06)
  • Reynolds (2007–present)
  • G-Hanz (2005–07)
  • Sanyo BPL (2007–present)
  • Toshiba (2010–present)
  • Colgate-Palmolive
  • Philips
  • Castrol India (2011–12)
  • Ujala Techno Bright
  • Coca-Cola (2011–13)
  • com (2013–present)

He has also been a spokesperson for :

  • National Egg Coordination Committee(2003–05)
  • AIDS Awareness Campaign (2005)
  •  Luminous India (2010–present)

BOOKS ON SACHIN TENDULKAR :

  • Sachin: The Story of the World’s Greatest Batsman by Gulu Ezekiel.
  • The A to Z of Sachin Tendulkar by Gulu Ezekiel.
  • Sachin Tendulkar-a definitive biography by Vaibhav Purandare.
  • Sachin Tendulkar – Masterful by Peter Murray, Ashish Shukla.
  • If Cricket is a Religion, Sachin is God by Vijay Santhanam, Shyam Balasubramanian.
  • Master Stroke: 100 Centuries of Sachin Tendulkar by Neelima Athalye.
  • Dhruvtara, a book on cricket maestro Sachin Tendulkar.
  • Sachin ke sau shatak by Dharmender Panth, a book on Tendulkar’s 100 centuries written in Hindi.
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